The Virtues of the Month of Zulhijjah and the Significance of Qurban

The Islamic calendar is full of significant months and days that offer immense rewards and opportunities for Muslims to draw closer to Allah. Among these, the month of Zulhijjah stands out as one of the most revered and blessed periods. This month is not only marked by the Hajj pilgrimage, one of the five pillars of Islam, but also by the practice of Qurban (sacrificial slaughter), which commemorates the obedience and devotion of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) and his son, Prophet Ismail (Ishmael).

The Virtues of the Month of Zulhijjah

1. Sacredness and Special Status Zulhijjah is one of the four sacred months in Islam, along with Dhu al-Qi’dah, Muharram, and Rajab. These months are honored by Allah SWT, and Muslims are encouraged to engage in increased worship and avoid sinful actions during these periods.

Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah from the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred…” (QS. At-Taubah [9]: 36).

2. Days of Increased Worship and Blessings The first ten days of Zulhijjah are particularly special and are considered some of the best days of the year for righteous deeds. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) emphasized the significance of these days:

There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days.” (HR. Bukhari).

3. The Performance of Hajj The pinnacle of the Hajj pilgrimage, which is obligatory for Muslims who are physically and financially able, takes place during the month of Zulhijjah. The rituals of Hajj, such as standing at Arafat, Tawaf, and Sa’i, symbolize the unity and devotion of the Muslim ummah (community).

وَلِلّٰهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ

 “And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House – for whoever is able to find thereto a way…” (QS. Ali ‘Imran [3]: 97).

4. The Day of Arafah The 9th of Zulhijjah, known as the Day of Arafah, holds exceptional significance. On this day, millions of pilgrims gather on the plain of Arafat to seek Allah’s mercy and forgiveness. For those not performing Hajj, fasting on this day is highly recommended.

Dalil: “Fasting on the day of Arafah expiates the sins of the previous year and the coming year.” (HR. Muslim).

The Significance of Qurban

1. Commemoration of Prophet Ibrahim’s Sacrifice Qurban, or the sacrificial slaughter, performed on the 10th of Zulhijjah (Eid al-Adha), commemorates the obedience and devotion of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) who was willing to sacrifice his son, Ismail, at Allah’s command. In His infinite mercy, Allah replaced Ismail with a ram, thus sparing his life.

Dalil: “And We ransomed him with a great sacrifice.” (QS. As-Saffat [37]: 107).

2. Expression of Obedience and Gratitude Qurban is an expression of a Muslim’s obedience to Allah and a demonstration of gratitude for His blessings. It manifests the willingness to sacrifice for the sake of Allah and serves as a reminder of the importance of submission to His will.

3. Social Solidarity and Charity Qurban also plays a significant role in promoting social solidarity and charity within the Muslim community. The meat from the sacrificed animals is distributed among family, friends, and especially the less fortunate, ensuring that everyone partakes in the joy of Eid and the blessings of the Qurban.

لَن يَنَالَ ٱللَّهَ لُحُومُهَا وَلَا دِمَآؤُهَا وَلَٰكِن يَنَالُهُ ٱلتَّقْوَىٰ مِنكُمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ سَخَّرَهَا لَكُمْ لِتُكَبِّرُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَىٰكُمْ ۗ وَبَشِّرِ ٱلْمُحْسِنِينَ

 “Their meat will not reach Allah, nor will their blood, but what reaches Him is piety from you…” (QS. Al-Hajj [22]: 37).

4. Renewal of Faith and Reflection Qurban provides an opportunity for Muslims to reflect on their faith, renew their commitment to Allah, and cultivate a sense of humility and gratitude. It is a time for introspection and strengthening one’s spiritual connection with the Creator.


The month of Zulhijjah, with its numerous virtues and significant events, offers Muslims a unique opportunity to enhance their spiritual growth and demonstrate their devotion to Allah. From the sacred rites of Hajj to the meaningful practice of Qurban, this month encapsulates the essence of faith, obedience, and charity. As Muslims around the world observe the rituals and traditions of Zulhijjah, they are reminded of the timeless lessons of sacrifice, gratitude, and piety that lie at the heart of Islam.

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